Diabetes is a disease that can go unnoticed for many years. The main feature of the disease is higher than normal blood sugar levels, which is caused by insufficient insulin synthesis and / or insulin resistance of cells.
The symptoms of diabetes appear gradually. It happens to be confused with other, common diseases.
If we do not pay timely attention to the signals that our body gives us, diabetes can become a serious threat to the vital functions of our internal organs, mainly the kidneys, heart and brain.
Pay close attention to any signal that raises your suspicions of the presence of this insidious disease, although, as already mentioned, they may be insufficient or confusing.
In this article we want to share with you about 10 early symptoms by which to recognize the presence of diabetes. It is useful to know them so that you can take the necessary measures in a timely manner.
1. Easy fatigue, chronic fatigue
Insufficient insulin synthesis, or cell resistance to insulin, stops the body from absorbing enough glucose. This form of sugar enters the bloodstream and gives the body the energy it needs to function normally.
This leads to an unpleasant feeling of physical and mental fatigue, which is not compensated, although the person rests often.
Health problems, such as being overweight, obesity, dehydration and blood pressure imbalance, are also behind the symptoms of diabetes.
2. Disturbed sleep
Poor control of blood sugar levels in the body is associated with sleep disorders and frequent fatigue.
People with type 2 diabetes often have trouble falling asleep, and during periods of rest, sleep is restless, with frequent and unexplained awakenings throughout the night.
It is also important to mention that the chances of a person getting diabetes increase if the night’s sleep does not last at least 6 hours.
3. Constant thirst and dry mouth
Glucose is one of the main “fuels” supporting the energy of our body. Improper consumption of this fuel is one of the causes of dehydration.
Provided that the body constantly loses large amounts of fluids, it is logical that our body needs to receive new doses of them. This painful state of deficiency affects the activity of the cells of all organs. Improper functioning interferes with normal salivation, causing dry mouth and constant thirst. Naturally, after constantly losing fluids, the body needs new amounts of them.
4. Frequent urination – one of the symptoms of diabetes
Increased amounts of glucose in the blood double the work of the kidneys. In order to be able to filter the blood, the kidneys work harder than usual and are overloaded. In diabetics, the need for more frequent urination or urges to urinate increases.
Elevated blood sugar interferes with the proper filtration of toxins in the body and disrupts the normal functions of the excretory system.
5. Urinary tract infections
Another common manifestation of diabetes is a prolonged and frequent urinary tract infection. This is because the increased production of glucose in the blood weakens the immune system.
As a result, antibody production is reduced and the body is exposed to attacks by various types of viruses, bacteria and fungi.
6. Slow wound healing
Superficial wounds or skin ulcers that take too long to heal or that cannot be healed are a clear sign of blood glucose buildup and a symptom of diabetes.
Sufferers of the disease should be careful about the appearance of skin wounds and take the necessary measures. Without control and timely treatment, these skin wounds and ulcers can cause many complications and require specialized medical care.
7. Numbness and stiffness of the limbs, a sign of diabetes
The legs are the part of the body that most often signals the presence of diabetes. Circulatory problems and fluid retention are a symptom to look out for.
As the disease gets out of control, various complications occur, one of which is damage to nerve endings and blood vessels. People with diabetes often feel numbness (tingling) or stiffness in the limbs, more often in the legs (feet).
8. Blurred, bifurcated vision
Dehydration of the body as a consequence of the accumulation of high amounts of glucose in the blood can also lead to visual disturbances.
The reduction of body fluids affects the lens of the eye, leading to the inability of the eye to focus on objects and causing blurred or split vision.
9. Increased appetite
When glucose does not penetrate adequately into the cells, the “fuel” is insufficient and all the organs of the body have to work in an elevated mode to compensate.
This leads to confusion in the functions of the body and the organs send signals to receive more sources of energy, which source for us is food.
When glucose does not enter the cells, the body experiences a lack of energy and triggers the corresponding signal – hunger.
10. Dry skin
We can rightly suspect the presence of diabetes if we find problems in the condition of the skin. Sufferers of this disease have varying degrees of dryness of the skin. This is due to the reduced intensity of blood circulation, leading to dehydration of the body.
Of course, there are additional reasons to consider, because dry skin can be the result of many other problems in the body.
Are you at risk for diabetes? We very much hope that you do not find these symptoms in yourself. If you still have doubts, consult your personal physician to be aware of your health condition and, if necessary, to receive an accurate diagnosis and timely treatment.